# Recent questions and answers in Others

1
A system consists of two reactors, connected by a valve. The first reactor $(R1)$ contains an ideal gas $A$ of volume $5\: L$ and the second reactor $(R2)$ has an ideal gas $B$ of volume $10\: L$. Initially, the valve is closed and ... equilibrium. If the temperature $T$ of both the reactors is maintained constant, the final equilibrium pressure in $\textit{atm}$ of the system is _____________
1 vote
2
Coronavirus genome consists of double-stranded $\text{DNA}$ double-stranded $\text{RNA}$ negative-sense single-stranded $\text{RNA}$ positive-sense single-stranded $\text{RNA}$
3
The enzyme that transcribes the eukaryotic genes encoding precursor ribosomal $\text{RNAs}\; (\text{pre-RNAs}$) of $28S$, $18S$ and $5.8S$ $\text{rRNA}$s is $\text{RNA}$ polymerase $\text{I}$ $\text{RNA}$ polymerase $\text{II}$ $\text{RNA}$ polymerase $\text{III}$ $\text{RNA}$ polymerase $\text{IV}$
4
Number of unrooted trees in a phylogeny of five sequences is $3$ $15$ $105$ $945$
5
Which one of the following methods is used to test the significance of a predicted phylogeny? Bootstrap Maximum likelihood Maximum parsimony Minimum evolution
6
The order of genes present in a chromosome is as follows Which one of the following rearrangements represents a paracentric inversion?
7
Which one of the following statements is $\text{INCORRECT}$ about hybridoma production? Hybridoma cella can use hypoxanthine and thymidine $\text{DNA}$ synthesis in myeloma cells is blocked by aminopterin Hybridoma cells are made to produce polyclonal antibodies Polyethylene glycol is used to fuse myeloma cells to $B$-cells
8
Which one of the following techniques/tools is $\text{NOT}$ used for inserting a foreign gene into a cell? $\text{DNA}$ microarray Electroporation Gene gun Microinjection
9
Under standard temperature $(T)$ and pressure $(P)$ conditions, $128 \: g$ of an ideal has molecule $A$ occupies a volume of $1 \: L$. The gas molecule $A$ obeys the relationship $\text{RT=0.25 PV}$. $R$ and $V$ are universal gas constant and ideal gas volume, respectively. The molecule $A$ is $\text{CO}_2$ $\text{H}_2$ $\text{N}_2$ $\text{O}_2$
10
$\text{CRISPR-Cas}$ system is associated with adaptive immunity in eukaryotes adaptive immunity in prokaryotes innate immunity in eukaryotes innate immunity in prokaryotes
11
The process by which intracellular macromolecules are supplied for lysosomal degradation during nutrient starvation is apoptosis autophagy phagocytosis pinocytosis
12
The process and instrumentation diagram for a feedback control strategy to maintain the level $(h)$ of a liquid by regulating a valve $(V)$ in a tank is shown below. $F_1$ is inlet liquid flow rate, $F_2$ is outlet liquid flow rate, $LT$ is the liquid level transmitter, $LC$ ... valve pressure. The manipulating variable(s) is/are $F_1$ only $F_2$ only $h_m$ and $P_v$ only $h_{sp}$ and $P_v$ only
13
A protein without its prosthetic group is known as apoprotein hemoprotein holoprotein lipoprotein
14
The enzyme which adds phosphate group to the free $5’$ terminus of a $\text{DNA}$ sequence is adenosine kinase alkaline phosphatase polynucleotide kinase terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase
15
Which one of the following is $\text{CORRECT}$ about microbial growth medium? Luria-Bertani broth is a synthetic medium Nutrient broth is a defined medium Sabouraud dextrose agar is a differential medium Trypticase soy agar is a complex medium
16
The cellular process which utilizes $\text{RNA}$-induced silencing complex to block gene expression is $\text{RNA}$ editing $\text{RNA}$ interference $\text{RNA}$ polyadenylation $\text{RNA}$ splicing
17
Which of the following layer(s) is/are formed from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst? Ectoderm Endoderm Mesoderm Trophectoderm
18
Which of the following cell organelle(s) is/are surrounded by a single phospholipid membrane? Golgi apparatus Lysosome Mitochondria Nucleus
19
Three balls, colored in blue, green and red, are successively transferred from box $A$ to box $B$ in the order $\text{BLUE-GREEN-RED.}$ The probability of a reverse transfer of the balls to the box $A$ in the same order (rounded off to two decimal places) is ____________
20
Decimal reduction time of a bacterial strain is $20 \textit{ min}$. Specific death rate constant in $\textit{min}^{-1}$ (rounded off to two decimal places) is ___________
21
The enzyme $\alpha$-amylase used in starch hydrolysis has an affinity constant $(K_m)$ value of $0.005 \: M$. To achieve one-fourth of the maximum rate of hydrolysis, the required starch concentration $mM$ (rounded off to two decimal places) is ____________
22
Which one of the following represents non-growth associated product formation kinetics in a bioprocess system? $X$ and $P$ denote viable cell and product concentrations, respectively.
23
Match enzymes in $\text{Group I}$ with their corresponding industrial application in $\text{Group II}$ ... $P-1, Q-3, R-2, S-4$ $P-1, Q-2, R-3, S-4$ $P-1, Q-4, R-2, S-3$
24
Match separation methods in $\text{Group I}$ with associated properties in $\text{Group II}$ ... $P-3, Q-1, R-2, S-4$ $P-1, Q-3, R-2, S-4$ $P-1, Q-2, R-4, S-3$
25
Match the autoimmune diseases in $\text{Group I}$ with the corresponding primarily affected organ in $\text{Group II}$ ... $P-3, Q-1, R-2, S-4$ $P-4, Q-2, R-1, S-3$ $P-1, Q-2, R-4, S-3$
26
Match hypersensitivity types in $\text{Group I}$ with their corresponding condition in $\text{Group II}$ ... $P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2$ $P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-1$ $P-2, Q-1, R-3, S-4$
27
Which of the following combinations of plant hormones and their associated function are $\text{CORRECT}$ ... $P$ and $R$ only $P$ and $S$ only $Q$ and $R$ only $Q$ and $S$ only
28
Which one of the following tools is used to compare all the possible six-open reading frames of a given nucleotide query sequence with all the available six-open reading frames of the nucleotide sequence database? $\text{BLASTN}$ $\text{BLASTX}$ $\text{TBLASTN}$ $\text{TBLASTX}$
29
In $\textit{Neurospora crassa}$, a mutation in the $\textit{poky}$ gene results in a slow growth phenotype (poky). The results of four crosses are given below. wild-type $♀ \times$ wild-type $♂ \rightarrow$ All progeny ... progeny are poky Which one of the following explains the inheritance mode of poky? Episomal inheritance Mendelian inheritance Mitochondrial inheritance X-linked inheritance
30
Tertiary structure of a protein consisting of $\alpha$-helices and $\beta$-strands can be determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy mass spectrometry nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy $\text{UV}$ spectroscopy
31
Which of the following statement(s) is/are $\text{CORRECT}$ about $\textit{Agrobacterium tumefaciens}$? It contains tumor inducing plasmid It causes crown gall disease in dicotyledonous plants It is a Gram-positive soil bacterium It is used in generating transgenic plants
32
Which of the following antimicrobial agent(s) is/are growth factor analog(s)? $5$-Fluorouracil Isoniazid Sulfanilamide Tetracycline
33
Which of the following chemical messenger(s) is/are derivative(s) of tryptophan? $\gamma$-amino butyric acid Indole acetic acid Melatonin Serotonin
34
Which of the following nucleus/nuclei is/are $\text{NMR}$ active? $^1H$ $^{13}C$ $^{16}O$ $^{32}S$
35
In a Mendel’s dilhybrid experiment, a homozygous pea plant with round yellow seeds was crossed with a homozygous plant with wrinkled green seeds. $F_1$ intercross produced $560 \: F_2$ progency. The number of $F_2$ progency having both dominant traits (round and yellow) is ____________
36
A $0.1 \textit{ mL}$ aliquot of a bacteriophage stock having a concentration of $4 \times 10^9 \textit{ phages mL}^{-1}$ is added to $0.5 \textit{ mL}$ of $\textit{E. coli}$ culture having a concentration of $2 \times 10^8 \textit{ cells mL}^{-1}$. The multiplicity of infection is ________
37
In a chemostat with a dilution rate of $0.8$ $h^{-1}$, the steady state biomass concentration and the specific product formation rate are $8 \textit{ mol m}^{-3}$ and $0.2 \;(\textit{mol product}) (\textit{mol biomass})^{-1} \: h^{-1}$, respectively. The steady state product concentration in $\textit{mol m}^{-3}$ is ___________
It is desired to scale-up a fermentation from $1L$ to $1000L$ vessel by maintaining a constant power-to-volume ratio. The small fermenter is operated at an agitator speed of $300$ rotations per minute $(\textit{rpm})$. If the value of scale up factor is $10$, agitator speed in $\textit{rpm}$ (rounded off to the nearest integer) for the large fermenter is _________.
The specific growth rate of a mold during exponential phase of its growth in a batch cultivation is $0.15 \: h^{-1}$. If the cell concentration at $30 \: h$ is $33\: g L^{-1}$, the cell concentration in $g \: L^{-1}$ (rounded off to the nearest integer) at $24 \: h$ is ________.
A sedimentation tank of height $100 \textit{ cm}$ is used in a conventional activated sludge process to separate a suspension of spherical shaped granular sludge biomass of $0.5 \textit{ mm}$ ... reach their terminal velocity instantaneously, the biomass settling time in $\textit{min}$ (rounded off to two decimal places) is ___________